The popular mushroom Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi/Lingzhi) has been widely used for the general benefits of health and longevity in Asian countries.
Research had proved that, the main active ingredients found in Ganoderma Lucidum are Ganoderic acid, polysaccharides (Beta – D – glucan polysaccharides) together with other active compounds such as sterol (ergosterol), fungal lysozyme, alkaloids, proteins, riboflavin, ascorbic acid and lipids. Those active ingredient posses their own medicinal properties that gives value to Ganoderma Lucidum.
Ganoderma lucidum is the source of a group of triterpenes, known as ganoderic acids, which have a molecular structure close to steroid hormones. It is also responsible for the bitter taste in Ganoderma Lucidum. Some ganoderic acids have been found to possess biological activities including in hepatoprotection, anti-inflammatory and also anti-tumor effects.
β-Glucans (beta-glucans) are polysaccharides of D-glucose mopnomers linked by β-glycosidic bonds. Most commonly forms as cellulose in plants, the bran of cereal grains, the cell wall of baker's yeast, certain fungi, mushrooms and bacteria. The clinical application of thepolysaccharides varies from preventing cancer, infection, surgery, septic shock up to healing arthritis.
Other active compounds found in Ganoderma Lucidum also gives the potential medicinal properties which enhance our body's immune system and provide better blood circulation, treat anxiety, high blood pressure, hepatitis, bronchitis, insomnia thus gives better health conditions. Generally, Ganoderma is known as an adaptogen, immune modulator, and also a general tonic.